Buy Sapphire – the pure white diamond, the red ruby, the green emerald and the blue sapphire complete the quartet of the most valuable and popular gemstones in the world. No gemstones are as sought after as these four beautiful jewels. A sapphire is the name given to all non-red varieties of the mineral corundum. The blue sapphire is simply called a sapphire and for all other colored stones the color is given in the name. Ruby and sapphire are color varieties of the mineral corundum (crystalline alumina), whose name is derived from the Sanskrit word for rubies and sapphires, “kuruvinda”. Corundums are foreign-colored gemstones and traces of elements such as chromium, iron and titanium are responsible for the many different colors.
Origin of the name – the typical blue tones of the sapphire
The name sapphire comes from the Greek “sappheiros”, which is derived from the Hebrew “cappiyr”. This word was used to describe blue stones like the sapphire but also the lapis lazuli. Sapphire means “blue” in Greek – an interpretation to the typical blue tones of sapphire. Sapphire is also a Hebrew girl’s name, which is derived from the gemstone and means “the beautiful one” in Hebrew.
- From the Greek
- “blue” – an interpretation on the typical blue tones
History – the sapphire from ancient Greece
In ancient Greece and Rome, kings and queens were convinced that blue sapphires protected their owners from envy and harm. In the Middle Ages, clergy wore blue sapphires as a symbol of heaven, and common people believed that the gemstone attracted heavenly blessings. In other times and places, people instilled sapphires with the power to preserve chastity, make peace between enemies, influence spirits, and reveal the secrets of oracles.
For centuries, sapphire has been associated with royalty and romance. The association was strengthened in 1981 when Britain’s Prince Charles gave Lady Diana Spencer a blue sapphire engagement ring. Until her death in 1997, Princess Di, as she was known, enchanted and charmed the world. Her sapphire ring helped to connect modern events with history and fairy tales.
Raw material: crystals in stone enclosure
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The different colors of the sapphire
Sapphire is commonly known as a blue gemstone, but surprisingly, it comes in a wide range of colors and quality varieties. Generally, the more intense and uniform the color, the more valuable the stone. Sapphires that are not blue are called fancy sapphires and can be any color except red, because that would be a ruby. The different colors of sapphire are: Pink, Orange, Yellow, Green, Purple and Violet. There really is a different color of sapphire for everyone!
The classic blue sapphire
Color has the greatest impact on a sapphire’s value, and preferred sapphires have strong to vivid color saturation. The most prized blue sapphires are velvety blue to purplish blue, in medium to medium-dark tones. Sapphires with these characteristics fetch the highest prices per carat. Less valuable blue sapphires may also be grayish, too light, or too dark.
- Strong to vivid color saturation
- Velvet blue to violet blue
- Less valuable blue sapphires: too light or too dark
Processing typically in jewelry made of gold.
The popular green sapphire
Commercial sapphires may contain a less desirable greenish-blue or strong greenish-blue color that is visible when viewing the gemstone. Uniform green sapphires that are saturated in color are rare indeed and many collectors treasure them. With green sapphires, a mixture of yellow and blue sapphire makes up the color you see. Green sapphires are found in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Australia and Madagascar.
- Mixture of yellow and blue sapphire
- From Thailand, Sri Lanka, Australia and Madagascar
The different shades of blue of a sapphire – Video
This video introduces the different shades of blue that a sapphire can have.
Meaning – the gemstone of heaven
The sapphire is also known as the “gemstone of heaven”. Traditionally, the sapphire symbolizes nobility, truth, sincerity and loyalty. For centuries, it has adorned the robes of royalty and clergy. Its extraordinary color is the standard by which other blue gemstones – from topaz to tanzanite – are measured.
The sapphire is a symbol of perspicacity, spiritual power and wisdom, associated with heaven as the guardian of innocence. It cleanses the mind of negativity and promotes insight, spiritual devotion and communication. Sapphire protects those who are easily influenced by outside forces, such as the opinions of others and peer pressure. It helps by fostering a deeper understanding of one’s voice and solidifying a more trustworthy connection to one’s wisdom and knowledge. Worn especially on the neck, it is good at unleashing its spiritual power. In addition, the sapphire is the birthstone of September, the sign of Virgo.
Spiritual meaning of the sapphire – Video
This video introduces the various uses of a sapphire and its spiritual significance.
Sapphire cut – the most famous gemstone cuts
Gemstones have been cut (or polished) for thousands of years. This process transforms raw crystals into stunning gemstones. The art of this process is to shape a gemstone into a specific form, revealing its luster, color, and brilliance. Gem cutters or gemstone cutters can choose one of two basic styles, faceted or non-faceted. Faceted sapphires are sapphires with geometrically shaped, flat, polished surfaces. Non-faceted sapphires are gemstones that do not have geometrically shaped, flat, polished surfaces, for example cabochons. The sapphire shows its beauty best in a faceted cut. Classic gemstone cuts are:
- Marquise cut – for long and narrow fingers
- Circular grinding – simple and classic
- Brilliant cut – classic cut for diamonds
- Oval cut – the timeless facet cut
- Drop cut – combination of a round brilliant cut and a marquise cut
- Carre cut – square cut facet cut
- Octagon cut – especially sought after by collectors
- Emerald cut – good for stones of perfect purity
- Baguette cut – the popular French cut
- Trapezoidal cut – staircase-shaped cut form
- Antique cushion cut – square with rounded corners
- Heart cut – as a symbol of love
- Briolette cut – the drop-shaped brilliant cut
- Cabochon cut – other light reflections than with facets
- Princess cut – most popular variant in the USA
Buying sapphires – the value of a real sapphire
The “4 Cs” describe the beauty of a gemstone and form the basis for the valuation – Colour, Cut, Clarity and Carat. Colour accounts for 50% of the final value of a sapphire. Cut affects how the light is refracted in the sapphire. Clarity refers to whether other materials are included in the sapphire. The beautiful gemstone, like the ruby, belongs to Type II. This means that smaller natural inclusions are usually present, but ultimately give the stone its uniqueness. Carat is probably the best known characteristic of gemstones. One carat weighs 0.2 grams – the heavier the sapphire, the higher its value.
Price of a sapphire – cost factors
Prices for sapphires can vary greatly as they depend on different factors. Sapphires can range from $25 per carat to over $11,000 per carat. A blue sapphire of about 1 carat is likely to cost as little as $450 to $1,600, depending on the quality. The main cost factors are:
- Color – 50% of the final value
- Cut – classic gemstone cuts unfold the brilliance
- Purity – small natural inclusions
- Carat – the heavier the sapphire, the higher its value.
Genuine Sapphire Stone – Determine the authenticity of a gemstone
First you should look for blemishes or inclusions. The second step to check if it is a real gemstone, a breath test. To do this, you should hold the sapphire in front of your mouth and exhale. A real gemstone does not fog up because the heat is distributed directly on the stone. However, for a breath test, the sapphire should not be dirty or greasy, as this would affect the result. Another test to find out if a sapphire is real would be to shine a light through the stone. To do this, you just need to hold a flashlight to the sapphire to detect small blemishes or air bubbles in the gemstone.
This test is followed by the scratch test. After diamonds, sapphire is one of the most durable gemstones used in jewelry. It has a hardness rating of 9 on the Mohs scale. This means that a substance of equal or lesser hardness cannot scratch a sapphire. So if you scratch the stone with a coin and it leaves a scratch, you can be sure that it is not a real sapphire.
Nevertheless, the most reliable option is of course to have the stone certified by a jeweler. This way you can be one hundred percent sure that it is a genuine sapphire that is worth its money.
- Look for blemishes or inclusions
- Breath test
- Shine a flashlight through the sapphire
- Perform scratch test
- Get Saphir certified
Different types of sapphire – gemstone video
In this video you will see different types of sapphires, different cuts and learn about the care of the precious gemstones.
Jewellery – Sapphire Chains, Rings & Earrings
Sapphires are often made into beautiful necklaces or rings and are considered a great gift for loved ones. Since sapphires come in a variety of colors, you can always find the perfect piece of jewelry. Engagement rings made of sapphire have a timeless and distinctive beauty, and you can subtly add some color to an elegant outfit with colorful sapphire earrings. In addition, blue, green and yellow sapphires are in high demand as necklaces, as these beautiful natural hues are calming yet strong. They are exceptional and distinctive.
Sapphire ring – colorful engagement & wedding rings
You can find sapphire rings at almost every jeweler. Especially on engagement rings or wedding rings sapphires are very popular. The blue looks noble, expensive and elegant. Every bride quickly falls in love with a ring with a large gemstone. However, sapphire rings not only look beautiful in blue, but also convince in other colors such as green, yellow, pink or orange.
- Available at almost every jeweler
- Rings with large gemstone in different colors
- Engagement rings or wedding rings
Sapphire necklace – great gift for loved ones
Chains with sapphires are available in all precious metals, i.e. gold, white gold and silver. Precious stones, like the sapphire, shine on a chain. A sapphire necklace is a beautiful gift for loved ones, because it suits everyone. It looks elegant and expensive and attracts attention without looking ostentatious. Faceted sapphire necklaces are also very popular and are offered at almost every jeweler.
- Gold, white gold and silver
- Beautiful gift
- Faceted or with large pendant
- Available at almost every jeweler
Species – the rarest & most expensive sapphires in the world
The origin of sapphires has an impact on their appearance and value. The most common origin of sapphires is Ceylon, Burma or Kashmir. Ceylon is the former name of Sri Lanka. During British colonial times the island was called Ceylon and since 1972 the official name has been Sri Lanka. Burma is a former name for the country of Myanmar, some of which is still current and still used in the United Kingdom, Australia and the United States, for example. Kashmir is a is a disputed region in the Himalayas between India, Pakistan and the People’s Republic of China.
Ceylon Sapphire – distinct colour zoning & light hue
Ceylon sapphires are on average slightly lighter in color than sapphires from other deposits. Characteristic are also a multitude of fingerprint-like “healing cracks”, numerous mineral inclusions as well as clear color zoning. Often, when viewed from the side, it is visible that the color is concentrated in the tip (calette) and the remaining part is colorless.
- Light shade
- Fingerprint-like “healing cracks”
- Numerous mineral inclusions
- Clear color zoning
- Tip concentrated, rest colourless
Burma Sapphire – intense blue & hardly any color zoning
Although it is the rubies for which Burma (Myanmar) is famous, the Mogok area also mines some of the finest blue sapphires in the world. Today, the global gem trade recognizes the quality of Burmese sapphires, but this was not always the case. The stones are characterized by an intense blue and, in addition, Burma sapphires have very little color zoning, which distinguishes them from Ceylon sapphires. Sapphires from Burma are very fine, but like Kashmir, very little material is brought to light today.
- The best blue sapphires in the world
- Intense blue
- Hardly any colour zoning
- Very fine sapphires
- Rare gems
Kashmir sapphire – the most famous sapphires in the world
Cashmere sapphires are a true rarity. The fame of the Kashmir sapphire is due to its incomparable color, which made it highly desirable long before it became so rare. Most describe it as “blue velvet.” While some Burmese and Ceylon sapphires are relatively close in quality, only the Kashmir sapphire continues its reign as king of the sapphire world.
- Incomparable color
- “Blue Velvet”
- King of the Sapphire World
- Rarest, most coveted & beautiful sapphire
Largest sapphire in the world from Sri Lanka – Video
In this video you will see the largest sapphire in the world, a Ceylon Sapphire. This gemstone weighs 1404.49 carats.
Jewellery – Sapphire Rings, Necklaces, Pendants & Earrings
Rubies are common gemstones for necklaces, rings, earrings or pendants. Rubies are primarily faceted, as these cuts accentuate the color and purity of the red gemstone. Cloudy, opaque rubies as well as star rubies, on the other hand, are given smooth cuts to bring out the star effect and color. The eye-catching bright red color is sure to turn heads. Ruby jewelry is instantly associated with passion, desire, love, and even royalty. Historically, ruby as a stone represents power, courage and luck.
Sapphire ring – the perfect engagement ring
Rubies are especially in demand for wedding rings and engagement rings because they stand out and stand out from classic styles. You can find them at almost every jeweler and the red of the sapphire goes especially well with red accessories or red fingernails.
- Wedding rings and engagement rings
- At almost every jeweler
- Matches with red accessories
Sapphire necklace and pendant – anniversary gift
A ruby necklace or a great ruby pendant is a great choice for anniversary, Valentine’s Day and July birthstone gifts. A ruby necklace for special occasions looks very elegant and is guaranteed to catch everyone’s eye. Also, gemstones are often combined to create a beautiful necklace.
- Anniversary, Valentine’s Day and July birthstone gift
- Combination of different gemstones
Sapphire earrings – drop shape or oval gemstones
Ruby earrings look expensive and noble and immediately catch the eye of connoisseurs. Whether the stone has a drop shape, is round or even has the shape of a heart – rubies are real eye-catchers. Earrings with rubies are of course also available with different precious metals, i.e. gold, white gold or silver.
- Different forms of gemstones
- Combination with various precious metals