Half-timbered house: renovation, advantages & disadvantages and exciting facts about the historical living experience

Half-timbered house – The rustic houses, which are especially widespread in Europe, have their own personal charm. Especially in the countryside and in villages you can still find some of these historic buildings, next to country houses or often converted into a holiday home. However, what looks so appealing to many from the outside can under certain circumstances quickly be associated with high costs: renovation or even refurbishment are not infrequently necessary for a half-timbered house. But when a half-timbered house has been modernised or at least overhauled, it is an absolute one-off – and magical. How you can protect yourself from excessive costs and still fulfill your dream of a half-timbered house, we tell you here. Tip and information for potential buyers: Buying a house. Click here to return to the overview of all common house types.

Features and characteristics of a half-timbered house

The term half-timbered house, which in Switzerland are also known as Riegelhaus, describes a construction method of houses that has been known for centuries. This is because the materials that are and were used for the construction of an authentic half-timbered house are natural materials that were quite easy to obtain in the area and at the same time could withstand wind and weather.

In classic half-timbered houses, materials such as straw, clay and even calf’s hair were used not only to build a wall, but also to insulate it additionally. The most striking feature of half-timbered houses is the façade, in which the literal half-timbering – the beam construction of the house – is openly visible. Often the “work”, i.e. the wooden beams, is not plastered in the interior either and accordingly a unique living atmosphere is offered. This fits perfectly with the country house style, for example.

Tip. Are you still thinking about buying or building a house? Then take a look at our article in which builders and experts report on their experiences!

Are you looking for the right house? Then check out our guide! Here you will find definitions, meanings and lots of information: House types from A-Z

Structure and room layout: rooms, walls, ceiling height & Co.

The basic structure of a half-timbered house is the typical wooden beams, which are exposed to the outside and give the half-timbered house the look we all know. The ‘fan’, the open spaces between the beams is filled with a mixture of clay, straw and hair, bricks and mortar or, very modern, concrete. The type of filling the house has is determined by age, preferences and also the skills possessed by the renovators.

A very special feature of half-timbered houses, especially in cities, is that they become wider towards the top. The reason for this is that even in the past, building land was expensive, so people tried to get the most out of the land they bought.

Additionally, on some half-timbered houses, decorations can be seen on the wood or in the way the wood was set. These decorations show that the original builder was wealthier and therefore wanted his house to stand out from the others. Especially around market places in towns and villages these decorations can be found.

Source: Half-timbered house (Lukinski.de)

Advantages & disadvantages half-timbered house: insulation, renovation and more

For many, the dream of a half-timbered house is based on the fact that they themselves grew up in one, or that half-timbered houses were omnipresent in their own homeland. So positive memories are often associated with the type of construction.

If you’re understandably a fan of timber framing too, or are thinking about moving into or renovating a timber framed home, then we’ve put together a few pros and cons for you to potentially help you decide if you do indeed want to make the move to timber framing.

Advantages: Tradition and memories

As already mentioned, half-timbered houses are a place with which many of us associate memories. Especially the renovation and reconstruction are heartfelt projects for many owners, which are carried out with a lot of passion. The traditional buildings also often enjoy listed status, which is why owners can enjoy government subsidies. In addition, the charm of a half-timbered house is simply unique, and offers you very special living.

  • State subsidies
  • Living in a rustic way
  • Cultural preservation
  • Exciting living environment

Disadvantages: Expensive renovation and co.

With historic houses of course also come a few not to be neglected disadvantages, especially in terms of energy sustainability, half-timbered houses can bring quite a few disadvantages with them. However, this can be partially improved with renovation measures.

  • Monument protection
  • Insufficient roof insulation
  • Low doors and ceilings
  • Extensive repairs

Half-timbered houses: living for couples and families

Half-timbered houses come in very different designs with gardens and without, in the city and in the country. Above all, a half-timbered house is usually winding and equipped with many stairs. So whether a half-timbered house is suitable for you, we try to answer you in the following.

Families: adventure playground and perfect for children

Families with children will definitely feel at home in timbered houses. The nested houses offer adventures for children and the layout allows most to have their own bedrooms. In addition, many half-timbered houses also have gardens where the little ones can let off steam.

Couples: Renovation as a joint task

Are you looking for a task that you want to master together. Then perhaps the renovation of a half-timbered house is the right thing for you. Because there’s something for everyone to do here, whether it’s larger, craft projects or small painting tasks, a renovation requires all of the above. A timber-framed house in particular has very specific needs. And the living space is definitely there too. So if you’re up for it, all we can say is: get stuck in!

Pensioners: listed buildings and rarely barrier-free

Older people, which we have summarized here as pensioners, can enjoy living in a half-timbered house very much. However, this type of house is very rarely barrier-free and the monument protection, under which many half-timbered houses are, makes it difficult to set up disabled-friendly living. Whether another living environment would not be more suitable in old age should therefore be considered carefully.

Special features: Redevelopment, history and co.

The position of the type of house as a lover’s property is something we have highlighted many times in this article. For multiple reasons, living in this house is sometimes difficult, but can just as well be unbeatably great for other reasons. In order to support the disadvantages and advantages a bit more, we have taken a closer look at the topics of renovation and architecture.

Refurbishing half-timbered houses: potential costs

Renovating historic buildings from the ground up can be really labor intensive and you are advised to check a few factors before you decide to renovate. For example, whether there are experts in your area who are familiar with half-timbered houses.

In addition, the protection of historical monuments naturally plays a decisive factor in the preparation. You should consider these factors to guarantee that the dream of a half-timbered house is not connected with a rude awakening.

  • Half-timbered houses are listed
  • Historical building methods must be learned
  • Experts are rare
  • Higher costs may be incurred (400 – 600 € per sqm)

Building style half-timbered: history and architecture

If you are interested in half-timbering not only because of its beautiful appearance, but also because of the history that lies in every single wooden beam, we have put together a small overview for you that briefly summarizes the most important steps in the history of half-timbering:

  • 15th century: The frame construction method is developed
  • 16th century: Half-timbered houses conquer Germany
  • 18th century: Half-timbering is so mature that even huge buildings can be erected in the architectural style
  • Today: The historical style is combined with modern possibilities

Energy efficiency: What timber-framed house owners should consider

The energy efficiency of a half-timbered house depends very much on how old the building is and how much renovation and modernisation work has been carried out on the house in recent years. A modern half-timbered house, for example, has similar values as a new building in other architectural styles. Nevertheless, the following should be considered for older half-timbered houses in terms of energy sustainability:

  • Sale also possible without energy certificate
  • Energy efficiency is often poor
  • Old insulation often needs to be replaced

Before moving in: What you should know

In itself, moving into a renovated half-timbered house is not particularly different from moving into any other house. As always, the year of construction, or the year of the last renovation and refurbishment, is relevant to whether the house is subject to special circumstances. However, prospective buyers of a half-timbered house should consider a few factors:

  • Historic preservation?
  • Year of manufacture?
  • Insulation?
  • Energy certificate?
  • Suitable craftsman?

Buying a timber frame house: Tips & Possibilities Financing

Owning your own property has a number of advantages. As a homeowner, you have a lot more freedom when it comes to designing your own four walls. But with the freedoms also comes quite a bit of responsibility and additional costs that you do not necessarily calculate in advance.

  • Service charges: 3 €/sqm per month
  • Maintenance costs: 1,50 €/sqm per month
  • Notary fees: one-time 1.5 – 2 % of the purchase price of the property
  • Recommended equity capital for the purchase of real estate: 20 % of the purchase price

New building in half-timbered style: classical architecture revisited

Are you put off by the cost and effort involved in building an old half-timbered house? In this case, you can also resort to the option of building a new property. There are construction companies that specialize in the construction of modern houses in the half-timbered style.

Pro: Modern technology in traditional garb

Building a new half-timbered house definitely makes sense from an energy point of view, but if you have the time and the interest to let an old half-timbered house shine in new splendour, then you are definitely advised to do so, because the preservation of historic buildings is very important.

However, if you can’t put the time into upgrading a frame house, new construction is a good alternative.

Cons: Historicism

A major criticism voiced by some architects and art historians about new construction in the half-timbered style is that the original, sustainable style of building purely from natural materials is often no longer the case, but that it is only a matter of the visual aspect. Thus, materials are often used which, in the view of some, do not do justice to the half-timbered style.